The environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing of shale in North Carolina includes the potential contamination of ground water, risks to air quality, migration of gases and chemicals to the surface, excessive amounts of water used for fracking, and the disposal of fracking waste. What Could Fracking Mean for North Carolina?
It could mean an environmental disaster!. Fracking uses high volumes of water, and contamination can occur through a variety of mechanisms. Fracking fluids are a mixture of highly toxic "trade secret" chemicals, using large volumes of water to inject those chemicals underground. Surface spills, storm and waste-water management, storage and leakages are of major environmental concern. Read  Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Resources: Separating Fact From Fiction.

Safety concerns include water quality for drinking, cooking, and bathing, and contaminated water for livestock and crops. Earthquakes, sink holes, and explosions  have occurred in fracking areas. Increased incidences of domestic violence and crime have also been reported in states that have seen fracking. High traffic and accidents, drug and alcohol abuse, exposure to communicable diseases and cancer causing chemicals are major health and safety concerns. The overburdening of medical, judicial, and school facilities are a real problem in communities where fracking is going on.

There are concerns about forced pooling, leases, mineral rights, consumer protections, community ordinances, and property rights in the issue of fracking in North Carolina.  "Serious risks extend to the landowners who lease their land for fracking‐related development.
Companies take advantage of landowner's lack of knowledge about mineral rights, and landowners are liable for damages to adjoining properties. "People in North Carolina are not getting a very good deal." says Jordan Treakle, of  RAFI. RAFI explains more about landowner rights and fracking.
The NC Mining and Energy Commission, however,  gives a green light to forced pooling!

What is your home and peace of mind worth?
At least three institutions — Tompkins Financial (TMP) in Ithaca, N.Y., Spain's Santander Bank and State Employees' Credit Union in Raleigh, N.C. are refusing mortgages on land where oil or gas rights have been sold to an energy company. Banks are not making loans to home owners that are at risk of getting fracked. Employment projections have also been exaggerated and most energy related opportunities are provided to workers who come from out of state. Resource extraction has rarely been a reliable route to sustainable regional prosperity, and robust gains can be quickly reversed. Despite the claims of the fracking industry that the United States is undergoing an energy revolution with huge economic benefits, holes are being poked in the industry's promises. Fracking is revealed as "a short term bubble, leaving towns and communities with little gain and a whole lot of pain."

The North Carolina General Assembly moved to pass Senate Bill 820  to allow gas exploration and subsequent activities following a study by the Mining and Energy Commission. The MEC finalized its recommendations in January, 2014 with
a set of rules that allows drilling companies to maintain trade secrets on chemicals used in fracking fluids.
There are serious conflicts of interest in North Carolina getting into the energy business. The natural gas industry has free reign by the Department of Environment Natural Resources(DENR)  in that no environmental study or documents are required for gas or utilities construction to occur along any right of way. No major challenges exist according to the MEC and NCDNR in taking the fast-track to fracking in North Carolina to the detriment of of the state and its citizens.

People living near shale gas operations report noticeable odors and, in some cases, upper respiratory, neurological, and dermatological symptoms that they consider related to development and production activities of hydraulic fracturing.
A recent health study in Pennsylvania revealed that
proximity to fracking increased the likelihood of low birth weight of babies from 5.6 percent to 9 percent. Our demand for cheap energy could be doing irreversible harm to children and we have good reason to taking serious pause to hydraulic fracturing in North Carolina.