Fracking is a method of extracting natural gas from underlying shale rock deposits.  A vertical shaft is drilled into the shale layers then horizontal shafts radiate from its base.  To extract the gas, a solution of water, sand and chemicals are forced, under extreme pressure, into the shale to crack (fracture) the rock releasing the gases. 

Facts:

•  In June 2012,  North Carolina Senate Bill 820 passed, overriding North Carolina clean water protection laws and legalizing fracking.
•  Horizontal shafts can extend over a mile from the base of a vertical well [3] and may run under non-leased property.
•  Fissures or cracks created by fracking can extend several hundred feet from the horizontal shafts. [3]
•  It takes up to 1 million gallons of water to drill each well and 3 to 5 millions gallons of water per frack. [4]
•  A well can be fracked up to 18 times, increasing truck traffic, supplies, and waste disposal per well. [4]


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•  Thousands of trucks are required for material (chemical, water, sand, gravel, heavy machinery) transport per well operating 24/7.  [2]

•  Twelve to 18 high-pressure diesel pumps on flatbed trucks surround each well. [5]

•  Up to 1,000 documented chemicals and unknown (proprietary) chemicals can be injected, including formaldehyde, lead, and hydrochloric acid. Many of these chemicals are known to cause cancer and other diseases. [1]
•  Fracking is heavy industry. Operations that are associated with fracking include site build, well drilling, waste water ponds, deep injection wells for waste fluids, pipelines and distribution stations.
•  Eminent domain allows industry to use any property, leased or not, for pipelines, compressor stations or other distribution requirement.
•  North Carolina’s shale is estimated to be at 2,000 feet below the surface. [6] (Note: the shale in other states that already have fracking is at the 8,000 to 10,000 foot range.)












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